In PPI, the public sector uses its purchasing power to act as an early adopter of innovative solutions. It acts as a co-creator by defining public challenges that could be solved through innovation, choosing preferred solution providers, and steering the process towards public benefits.
Co-Creation Facilities (CCF)
CCFs are open, physical or virtual infrastructures for collective innovation efforts. They can provide lab space, expertise, equipment, and support staff to external clients, or act as platforms for ‘triple helix’ type interactions between different sectors.
Living Labs (LL)
LLs are sites of collective invention, testing, and demonstration for future technologies and sociotechnical arrangements under real-world conditions. They test future sociotechnical arrangements under “real-world conditions” while also providing an experimental space for new forms of collaborative innovation activity.