Loading...
2c_Test_Technological Domains2019-05-20T11:15:19+00:00

SCALINGS Research

SCALINGS conducts research in three technological domains:

Robotics
Urban Energy
Autonomous Driving
Loading...

What Robotics Is all About

Why Robotics Is Important for Europe
Robotics has become one of the key European industries, situated at the heart of many of Europe’s most competitive sectors, especially manufacturing. Europe has traditionally been in a strong position in the global robotics landscape, both scientifically and commercially.About a quarter of all industrial robots and half of all professional service robots are produced in Europe. Many recent breakthroughs have come out of European labs, e.g the DeepMind software, which recently beat a human Go player.

How Robots Change Our Lifes
Robotic innovations are found across a variety of applications. Traditionally, robots were used primarily for repetitive tasks in industrial settings, such as pick and place or transporting goods autonomously. Increasingly, so-called collaborative robots (or co-bots) are used which can work in close proximity of humans and no longer need a security cage. These co-bots greatly depend on co-creation efforts for their design and safe operation.

Robots are also increasingly used in professional service settings outside traditional manufacturing. Examples include surgical robots in hospitals or milking and harvesting robots on industrial farms. What is more, they have also entered private settings in the form of home vacuum cleaners, lawn mowers etc.

Why SCALINGS Is Important for Robotics
As robots enter more and more domains of human life, questions about responsible research and innovation are increasingly coming to the fore.

The growing use of robotics in social settings – e.g. education, health care, or elderly care – raise fundamental questions about public trust, policy control over the design and operation of these robots, and the very nature of our societal fabrics. Robotics has also made considerable inroads into the domains of medicine and prosthetics, raising new questions about the legal and moral status of cyborg-type interventions and the implications of a potential new era of human enhancement. Across the board, concerns around data privacy and security are growing louder, especially in the interconnected age of an Internet of Things. This fear is further exacerbated by the potential risks posed by hacking and malicious manipulation.

Here, co-creation mechanisms promise a way forward and have already gained increasing attention and traction in the robotics community, including in industrial manufacturing and farming, social robotics, health care, and prosthetics, among others.

Robotics Case Stories

ECHORD++ PDTI Health Care

Read more

ECHORD++ PDTI Health Care

By Benjamin Lipp

In a nutshell, the project comprises two (out of initially three) consortia, which aim to automate the geriatric assessment in a Catalonian hospital. This procedure collects data from elderly patients to adapt their care to their changing needs (for example, if their condition gets better or worse over time).

+ Read More

Urban Energy
Autonomous Driving
Loading...

Urban Energy Case Stories

Brainport Smart District

Read more

Brainport Smart District

By Mandi Astola

In 2016, the plan for Brainport Smart District was first established. The initiator was the dean of the Department of Built Environment at Eindhoven University of Technology. The project would be the building of “the smartest neighborhood in the world.”

+ Read More

Living Lab Eckart Vaartbroek

Read more

Living Lab Eckart Vaartbroek

By Mandi Astola

The municipality of Eindhoven was granted funding for their part in the H2020 project Triangulum. As a part of the project, the municipality should implement smart city technologies into two different neighborhoods in the city.

+ Read More

Nautilus

Read more

Nautilus

By Mandi Astola

Nautilus is the name of a housing cooperative in Amsterdam, an early adapter of off-grid heating. The idea was initiated by the late Hein de Haan who was the architect for the building. Committed to building houses together with its future inhabitants, de Haan spread the word about the project and a group of people interested in living in the complex emerged.

+ Read More

What Urban Energy Is all About

Why Energy Is Important
Energy provision is a key aspect in achieving a sustainable future. It is an unprecedented technological challenge to meet rapidly growing worldwide energy demands and at the same time respecting ecological, economical, and societal values. The transition to sustainable energy should be made as fast and profoundly as possible. In the “2030 Framework for climate and energy,” the EU aims to achieve a more competitive, secure, and sustainable energy system and to meet its long-term 2050 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target.

The “Energy Roadmap 2050” focuses on decarbonizing the energy system by strongly increasing energy efficiency and the share of renewable energy. The far-reaching Energy Union targets are crucial to limiting energy costs in the future and can only be reached when innovations that result in a certain energy mix fit with local values, norms and cultures.

Why Urban Energy?
SCALINGS focusses on urban energy because it is a part of the energy transition where humans, their values, and technology are inextricably intertwined. This presents a good opportunity for studying co-creation and associated aspects of responsible research and innovation.

People, whether individuals, families, or residents of flats neighborhoods, cities, or regions, all have to decide on and are determined by smart grids, photovoltaics, flexible energy infrastructures, energy control systems, etc. Together they will also have to decide on values such as privacy, autonomy, security, control, the balance of power, and more.

Why SCALINGS Is Important for Urban Energy
The need for co-creation processes and responsible research and innovation is demonstrated by the exponential growth of smart cities, which focus on energy efficiency, energy cooperatives, innovative procurement of energy, and continuous industry-university collaborations in all kinds of energy innovations. It is necessary to have a clear view regarding how to make co-creation processes more efficient, value sensitive, robust, and responsible. Doing so will result in a large return on investment.

What Urban Energy Is all About

Why Energy Is Important
Energy provision is a key aspect in achieving a sustainable future. It is an unprecedented technological challenge to meet rapidly growing worldwide energy demands and at the same time respecting ecological, economical, and societal values. The transition to sustainable energy should be made as fast and profoundly as possible. In the “2030 Framework for climate and energy,” the EU aims to achieve a more competitive, secure, and sustainable energy system and to meet its long-term 2050 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target.

The “Energy Roadmap 2050” focuses on decarbonizing the energy system by strongly increasing energy efficiency and the share of renewable energy. The far-reaching Energy Union targets are crucial to limiting energy costs in the future and can only be reached when innovations that result in a certain energy mix fit with local values, norms and cultures.

Why Urban Energy?
SCALINGS focusses on urban energy because it is a part of the energy transition where humans, their values, and technology are inextricably intertwined. This presents a good opportunity for studying co-creation and associated aspects of responsible research and innovation.

People, whether individuals, families, or residents of flats neighborhoods, cities, or regions, all have to decide on and are determined by smart grids, photovoltaics, flexible energy infrastructures, energy control systems, etc. Together they will also have to decide on values such as privacy, autonomy, security, control, the balance of power, and more.

Why SCALINGS Is Important for Urban Energy
The need for co-creation processes and responsible research and innovation is demonstrated by the exponential growth of smart cities, which focus on energy efficiency, energy cooperatives, innovative procurement of energy, and continuous industry-university collaborations in all kinds of energy innovations. It is necessary to have a clear view regarding how to make co-creation processes more efficient, value sensitive, robust, and responsible. Doing so will result in a large return on investment.

Urban Energy Case Stories

Brainport Smart District

Read more

Brainport Smart District

By Mandi Astola

In 2016, the plan for Brainport Smart District was first established. The initiator was the dean of the Department of Built Environment at Eindhoven University of Technology. The project would be the building of “the smartest neighborhood in the world.”

+ Read More

Living Lab Eckart Vaartbroek

Read more

Living Lab Eckart Vaartbroek

By Mandi Astola

The municipality of Eindhoven was granted funding for their part in the H2020 project Triangulum. As a part of the project, the municipality should implement smart city technologies into two different neighborhoods in the city.

+ Read More

Nautilus

Read more

Nautilus

By Mandi Astola

Nautilus is the name of a housing cooperative in Amsterdam, an early adapter of off-grid heating. The idea was initiated by the late Hein de Haan who was the architect for the building. Committed to building houses together with its future inhabitants, de Haan spread the word about the project and a group of people interested in living in the complex emerged.

+ Read More

Robotics
Autonomous Driving
Loading...

What Autonomous Driving Is all About

The Future of the Driving Sector
The car industry is increasingly shifting its focus to the development of autonomous, or self-driving, cars. Many driverless vehicles are already being tested and prepared for real traffic. Along with the development of smart-city infrastructure, autonomous and connected cars have become an obvious part of European visions of cities in the future. As one of the biggest exporters of automobile technologies, the EU is influential in the transition to autonomous driving.

The Promisses of Autonomous Driving
Autonomous driving holds a promise of safer traffic and less accidents. If the vehicles in a city are connected and aware of their surroundings, they can anticipate the oncoming car traffic better than human drivers can. The interconnection of vehicles could be used to maximize efficiency in transport and overcome congestion. Driverless cars can also make easy and comfortable transport more accessible for those who cannot drive. However, issues like these will not be solved merely by creating efficient autonomous cars. They require a careful combination of technology development, planning, research, education and new legislation.

Why SCALINGS Is Important for Autonomous Driving
Driverless cars present a multitude of ethical and social problems. The configuration of an autonomous car’s algorithm, for instance who it protects in case of an unavoidable collision, can have grave ethical implications. These questions require thorough consideration. New legal regulations are also required to determine who should be held accountable for such incidents. A transition to a new way of transport has enormous social implications. The ways in which a city’s transport is planned determines who has access to transport and when. The transition to self-driving cars is not an easy task from the practical point of view either. In order for the vehicles to work safely and efficiently, city infrastructure and roads must be adapted to suit them. The magnitude of changes required will affect everyone.

Therefore, it is important that the voices of everyone are heard when making decisions about the transition to autonomous cars. Co-creation promises possibilities for creating a new self-driving world together with municipalities, academia, industry and citizens. Because of the grand scale of autonomous driving infrastructure, co-creation requires large cooperation with a wide range of stakeholders.

Autonomous Driving Case Stories

Case Stories

Read more

Case Stories

Autonomous Driving Case Stories will be available soon

Robotics
Urban Energy
Co-creation
The SCALINGS Approach
Newsletter
Co-creation
The SCALINGS Approach
Newsletter

Loading...

 

Nautilus

What is this case about?

Nautilus is the name of a housing cooperative in Amsterdam, an early adapter of off-grid heating. The idea was initiated by the late Hein de Haan who was the architect for the building. Committed to building houses together with its future inhabitants, de Haan spread the word about the project and a group of people interested in living in the complex emerged. The group met to discuss the project and this resulted in the formation of a board and working groups. The collective invested in hiring professionals for the planning and construction of the house.

What does co-creation mean here?

A disagreement with the terms at which heating is offered in Amsterdam, led to the group to challenge the municipality to get permission to go off-grid for heating. They successfully got permission. The complex is heated by solar panels and a war-water storage system. The building was completed in 2016 and the inhabitants have been living there since. The inhabitants contribute to the housekeeping of the building on a voluntary basis.

Why is the case interesting for SCALINGS?

Particular to Nautilus is the bottom-up character of the co-creation. This makes it interesting material for comparison against other bottom-up cases and top-down cases with a similar goal. We were introduced to Nautilus at a workshop hosted at Nautilus by another co-creation initiative. We scheduled an interview with one of the inhabitants who helped us find others to interview.

Further Information
Coming soon

Loading...

 

Living Lab Eckart Vaartbroek

What is this case about?

The municipality of Eindhoven was granted funding for their part in the H2020 project Triangulum. As a part of the project, the municipality should implement smart city technologies into two different neighborhoods in the city. The hip and lively industry and living area Strijp-S was chosen. The counterpart to this was the more traditional neighborhood Eckart/Vaartbroek.

What does co-creation mean here?

The development of Eckart Vaartbroek was planned as three parallel projects involving different partners. One of the projects involved Woonbedrijf, a company providing social housing for rent in the area. Woonbedrijf would renovate houses to be more sustainable co-creatively with the inhabitants, using a digital tool. A parallel project involved using the same technique to get people in the area with bought houses to renovate theirs. For this project, the main partner was KPN. A third project was carried out by a team from the municipality of Eindhoven. The goal of this project was to do something innovative with lighting to improve the livability of the neighborhood. The municipality organized co-creation sessions with inhabitants of the neighborhood.

The end result was a light-route around a lake, with the purpose of motivating people to go out walking and running more. Tiles with lights were fit into the ground and at one point of the route there is a control station where people can turn the installation on and choose a pace. Upon choosing a pace, the tiles in the ground will light in succession and guide the runner through the route. Lanterns running on solar energy were also placed around the river and designed in such a way that they would minimize light pollution towards the lake.

Why is the case interesting for SCALINGS?

This project is particularly interesting because it took place in a very “normal” neighborhood with no special affinity to innovative products. We contacted the participants of the project from the municipality of Eindhoven, who we interviewed and who helped us find other interviewees. Representatives from companies that took part were contacted, as well as some inhabitants of the area who participated.

Further Information
Coming soon